This is the tomb of Muadh-bin-Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him), an eminent Sahabi about whom the Prophet (ﷺ) once said, “The most knowledgeable of my ummah in matters of halal and haram is Muadh-ibn-Jabal.”
- Muadh (may Allah be pleased with him) was an Ansari who became a Muslim at a young age at the hands of Musayb-bin-Umair (may Allah be pleased with him), whom the Prophet (ﷺ) had sent to Yathrib (Madinah) before the Hijrah. When the Prophet (ﷺ) reached Madinah, Muadh stayed in his company as much as possible. He studied the Quran and the laws of Islam until he became one of the most well-versed of all the companions in the religion of Islam. Wherever Muadh went, people would refer to him for legal judgements on matters over which they differed.
- Sometime after the Prophet (ﷺ) had returned to Madinah, messengers of the kings of Yemen came to him announcing that they and the people of Yemen had become Muslims. They requested that some teachers should be with them to teach Islam to the people. For this task the Prophet (ﷺ) commissioned a group of competent da’ees (missionaries) and made Muadh-bin-Jabal their amir. He then put the following question to Muadh: “According to what will you judge?”. “According to the Book of Allah,” replied Muadh. “And if you find nothing therein?”. “According to the Sunnah of the Prophet of Allah.”. “And if you find nothing therein?”. “Then I will exert myself (exercise ijtehad) to form my own judgement.” The Prophet (ﷺ) was pleased with this reply and said: “Praise be to Allah who has guided the messenger of the Prophet to that which pleases the Prophet.” The Prophet (ﷺ) personally walked for some distance alongside Muadh as he rode out of the city.
- When it came time to bid farewell the Prophet (ﷺ) said to Muadh, “O Muadh, perhaps you shall not meet me again after this year. Perhaps when you return you shall see only my mosque and my grave.” Muadh (may Allah be pleased with him) wept upon hearing this as he knew in his heart that he was never to meet the Prophet (ﷺ) in this world again. A feeling of sadness and desolation overtook him as he parted from the Prophet (ﷺ). The Prophet’s premonition was correct, the eyes of Muadh (may Allah be pleased with him) never beheld the Prophet after that moment. The Prophet (ﷺ) died before Muadh returned from Yemen.
- Muadh (may Allah be pleased with him) died in Jordan during the 18th year after Hijra, at the age of 38. His son is also buried close to him.
- Many visitors have commented on the lovely fragrance that is present in the room where he is buried. Caretakers have insisted they have never applied anything there.
References: Men around the Messenger – Khalid Mohammed Khalid, Wikipedia