This is Jabal Malaikah which is located next to Katheeb al-Hannan. It is from this mountain that the angels came to assist the Prophet (ﷺ) and the Sahabah during the Battle of Badr.[Read about the previous landmark associated with the Battle of Badr: Site of the Battle of Badr]
- The Prophet (ﷺ) raised his head and said cheeringly: “O Abu Bakr, glad tidings are there for you; Allah’s victory has approached, by Allah I can see Jibraeel on his mount in the thick of a sandstorm.” Then he recited the verse of the Quran: “Their multitude will be put to flight and they will show their backs.” [54:45]
- 500 angels came to the right side of the army, led by Jibraeel (عليه السلام). The Prophet (ﷺ) sent Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) to lead on the right flank. On the left side of the army, there were another 500 angel, led by the angel Mikaeel (عليه السلام). The Prophet (ﷺ) sent Ali (رضي الله عنه) on to that side to also lead the angels. In every battle, Allah (ﷻ) sent angels for the comfort of the Prophet (ﷺ) and the believers. However, the only time the angels actually fought in the battlefield was in the Battle of Badr.
- Many narrations speak about the appearance of angels in the battle of Badr. It is mentioned in Sahih Muslim that Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه) said: “While on that day a Muslim was chasing a disbeliever who was going ahead of him, he heard over him the swishing of the whip and the voice of the rider saying: ‘Go ahead, Haizum!’ He glanced at the polytheist who had (now) fallen down on his back. When he looked at him (carefully he found that) there was a scar on his nose and his face was torn as if it had been lashed with a whip, and had turned green with its poison. An Ansari came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and related this (event) to him. He said: ‘You have told the truth. This was the help from the third heaven.'”
- Another incident is reported, where another man from the Ansar captured Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib, who said: “O Messenger of Allah! By Allah this man did not capture me. I was captured by a man who was bald and had the most handsome face, and who was riding a horse. I cannot see him here among the people“. The man from the Ansar said: “I captured him, O Messenger of Allah!”. The Prophet (ﷺ) replied: “Be quiet, Allah, the All-Mighty, strengthened you with the help of a noble Angel.”
- It is also reported that after the battle, the people used to recognise those who were killed by the angels, by wounds over their necks, finger and toes, because those parts had a mark as if they were branded by fire.
- Jibraeel (عليه السلام) approached Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and asked him to take a handful of dust and throw at the enemies.
- The Prophet (ﷺ) threw the dust saying, “Confusion seize their faces!” A violent sandstorm blew into the eyes of the enemies and the handful of sand entered the eyes of the idolaters, each one of them was struck by some of it, and it distracted them making each of them busy. Allah (ﷻ) says in Surah al-Anfal: “And you (O Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)) threw not when you did throw but Allah threw.” [8:17] meaning the handful of sand which the Prophet (ﷺ) threw at the disbelievers was not by his power and strength but it reached the eyes of the pagans through the will of Allah.
References: When the Moon Split – Shaykh Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri, Muhammad (s.a.w.) the Last Prophet – Moulana Sayyed Hasan Ali Nadwi, The Life of Muhammad (s.a.w) – Tahia Al-Ismail, Qalam Seerah notes – Shaykh Abdul Nasir Jangda