This is the entrance of the Ka’bah on its eastern side. Originally it was at ground level but was raised when the Quraysh rebuilt the Ka’bah.
- When Ebrahim (عليه السلام) built the Ka’bah, the openings of the Ka’bah were on ground level. People entered from the eastern opening and exited through the western opening.
- Aisha (رضي الله عنها) once asked the Prophet (ﷺ) what reason the Quraysh had for raising the door above the ground. The Prophet (ﷺ) replied, “Your people did it so that they could permit into the Ka’bah only those people whom they approved of and could prevent those whom they pleased. Had your people not been recently removed from ignorance and had I not feared that they would be averse to change, I would have included the Hateem within the Ka’bah and brought the door level with the ground.”
- At the top of each door is inscribed: “Allah Jal jalaalah Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wasallam”.
Beneath all of this is inscribed: “In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful. Enter with peace and safety” [Surah Hijr, verse 46]
“Allah has made the Ka’bah the sacred house, as well as the sacred months a means by which (the physical and spiritual safety and well-being of) mankind is maintained.” [Surah Maa’idah, verse 97]
Say, “O my Rabb! Allow me to enter a pleasant place, allow me to leave pleasantly and grant me such authority from Yourself that is coupled with (Your) assistance.” [Surah Israa, verse 80]
“Your Rabb has made mercy (towards you) compulsory upon himself.” [Surah An’aam, verse 5]
Your Rabb says, “Supplicate to Me and I shall respond.” [Surah Mu’min, verse 60]
Beneath all of this is inscribed: Say, “O My bondsmen who have wronged their souls (by committing kufr or other sins)! Never lose hope of Allah’s mercy.” [Surah Zumar, verse 53]
The words “Allahu Akbar” is inscribed on the two rings and Surah Fatihah has been engraved beneath the lock.
- The inscriptions on the covering of the door:
References: The History of Makkah Mukarramah – Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani