This tomb is believed to be that of Shoayb (upon him be peace). He is regarded as being the father-in-law of Musa (upon him be peace) and was sent to the people of Madyan, a community of merchants who controlled the great trade routes between Yemen and Syria, and between Iraq and Egypt on the shores of the Red Sea.
- Shoayb (upon him be peace) is mentioned in the Holy Quran 11 times, he is known as Jethro in the Bible. The people of Madyan were originally true followers of Ebrahim (upon him be peace) but gradually over the centuries had become involved in disobedience and sin. In particular they were involved in:
1. Idol worship and polytheist customs
2. Cheating when giving measure but claiming in full or more than entitled
3. Falsehood in all matters and robbing people
- Allah (ﷻ) makes mention in the Holy Quran in Surah Al-A’raf: “And to Madyan (We sent) their brother Shu’aib. He said, “O my people, worship Allah. You have no god other than Him. There has come to you clear sign from your Lord. Give the measure and weight in full, and do not make people short of their things, and do not make mischief on the earth after it has been set in order. That is good for you, if you are believers.” [7:85]
- Shoayb (upon him be peace) was very upset on seeing his people practice bad deeds. He advised them to seek forgiveness of Allah. Alas, they desisted and were destroyed by an earthquake.
- Shoayb (upon him be peace) was renowned for his eloquence and good speech. According to Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him), whenever the Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned him, he said, “he was the orator of the Prophets”.
- Shoayb (upon him be peace) was ethnically an Arab. In a hadith narrated by Abu Zarr (may Allah be pleased with him) it is stated, “Four are from the Arabs. Hud, Salih, Shoayb and your Prophet, O Abu Zarr!”.
- The tomb of Shoayb (upon him be peace) is also claimed to be in Hadramawt, Yemen.
References: Stories of the Prophets – Ibn Kathir, Atlas of the Quran – Dr. Shauqi Abu Khalili