This large structure, adjacent to Mount Safa, is built on top of Mount Abu Qubais. It is believed that it was from the top of this mountain that the Prophet (ﷺ) pointed to the moon and split it into half.
Other than the above there are additional reasons why Mount Abu Qubais has great significance in our Islamic history:
- It was the first mountain created by Allah (ﷻ).
- According to at-Tabari, Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) died at the foot of Mount Abu Qubais and was subsequently buried there.
- The Hajar al-Aswad (The Black Stone) was protected in it when Allah (ﷻ) sent the flood in the time of Prophet Nuh (peace be upon him).
- The Umayyad governor Hajjaj bin Yusuf fired a catapult from the top of Mount Abu Qubais onto the Ka’bah during the seige of Makkah in 691 CE. This resulted in the killing of Abdullah bin Zubair (may Allah be pleased with him).
References: Atlas of the Qur’an – Dr. Shauqi Abu Khalil, AlMiskeenah.com, Local Makkan guide.